It is very important to read the Holy Qur’an in the Ramadan.
“(It is) the month of Ramadan in which the Qur’an was revealed as a guidance for mankind, clear proofs giving guidance, and the Criterion (for distinguishing right and wrong). So whoever of you witnesses this month, let him fast it.” [2:185]
The month of Ramadan, the blessed month during which the Qur’an was revealed, is now upon us. To mark the importance of this momentous event – the revelation of the Qur’an – we quick in the course of the day and pray at nights, significantly Laylat al-Qadr, the evening the Qur’an was revealed, as Allah tells us:
“We sent it down on a Blessed Night: We have ever been sending warnings.” [44:3]
The reward for fasting and praying in this month is so great, that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم states,
“Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith and hoping for reward, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayer on Laylat al-Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for reward, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Agreed Upon]
And he states, “Whoever prayed at night during it (Ramadan) out of sincere faith and hoping for reward, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Agreed Upon]
These are three alternatives that we have now been given to achieve forgiveness for all our sins. The nonsecular medical doctors of the center are in a settlement that fasting softens the center, making it extra receptive and humble to the recitation of the Qur’an. Maybe that is the knowledge that hyperlinks collectively fasting and evening prayer, the 2 most distinctive acts of worship on this month.
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You will need to word that our relationship with the Qur’an on this month shouldn’t be restricted to only the nightly Tarawih prayers, we should dedicate ourselves to finding out the Qur’an out of doors of prayer as effectively.
Ibn ‘Abbas narrates, saying, “The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was the most generous person, and he would be at his most generous in Ramadan because Jibril would come to him every night and he would study the Qur’an with him. Truly, when Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would meet Gabriel, he would be more generous than a fleeting wind.” [Agreed Upon]
Additionally, al-Bukhari reports from Fatima that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told her in the last year of his life, “Jibril used to revise the Qur’an with me once every year, but this year he has revised it with me twice. I do not suspect but that my time has come. And you shall be the first of my household to join me.”
Our Relationship with the Qur’an
Sadly, nearly all of us shouldn’t have any relationship with the Qur’an. Since we’re in Ramadan, the blessed month of the Qur’an, and the devils have been chained up, now’s the chance to alter this unhappy state of affairs.
Given the state of most Muslims in the present day, any dialogue in regards to the most beneficial quantity to learn each day, in Ramadan or outdoors Ramadan, could be purely educational. I doubt any of us will try to learn the Qur’an 60 instances each Ramadan as Imam al-Shafi’i used to door to spend the evening reciting the whole Qur’an in a single rak’ah as Uthman b. Affan did (sure, it’s actually genuine; in actual fact, Sa’id b. Jubayr and Imam Ahmad have carried out it as nicely). I gained’t regale you with all of the narrations about how a lot the Salaf used to recite the Qur’an throughout Ramadan, each inside prayer and out of doors it (for these, you’ll be able to in all probability discover them all around the web already anyhow).
To do as they did is one thing far past any of us given that almost all of us hardly learn the Qur’an in any respect. Nonetheless, as an aspect observe, I wish to share this one account for all of us to ponder:
The Khalifah, Walid b. Abd al-Malik, used to complete the Qur’an every three days and he used to read it a full seventeen times during Ramadan. [See his biography in Siyar A’lam al-Nubala’]
Now, to the actual situation, what ought to do to rectify our state of affairs? For individuals who are already within the behavior of studying the Qur’an each Ramadan, strive and ensure to finish the whole Qur’an, you probably have not been doing so prior to now. Additionally, take this as a possibility to get into the behavior of studying the Qur’an every day even when Ramadan is over. If in case you have not been studying the Qur’an throughout Ramadan prior to now, then determine how a lot of time you possibly can moderately take out of your schedule to learn Qur’an every day. Don’t push your self to do an excessive amount of, in any other case you’ll find yourself proper again the place you began: not studying the Qur’an in any respect. Additionally, keep in mind,
“The most beloved deeds to Allah are those done regularly, even if they are small.” [Agreed Upon] Therefore, it’s very important that you make a Ramadan schedule that you can stick to.
Is There A Minimum One Should Read? What Do the Scholars Have to Say?
Well, some scholars – such as Imam Ahmad and Ishaq b. Rahuyah – have disliked for a person to not complete the Qur’an at least every 40 days, based on a hadith of `Abdullah b. `Amr in which the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) instructed him to recite the Qur’an in forty days. Another narration gives the minimum as once a month. However, this should not be taken as something obligatory, particularly for those who are not in the habit of reading Qur’an at all or are not proficient in reciting the Qur’an, such as new Muslims. For them to attempt, all at once, to start reading the entire Qur’an once a month would probably become a barrier to them reading the Qur’an at all.
I asked Sh. Ghassan al-Barqawi about this issue and he recommended that, as a bare minimum, one should study ten verses a day. He based this on the narration of Ibn Mas’ud that the Companions used to learn the Qur’an ten verses at a time.
How Should One Proceed?
Since the hunger and thirst brought on by fasting softens the heart and makes it more receptive, this is an excellent time to try and read and contemplate the Qur’an. For that reason, I would highly recommend not merely reading the Qur’an, but studying it. It was the Sunnah of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to study the Qur’an nightly with Jibril. It was this sort of thoughtful study of the Qur’an that had an impact on the quality of the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) deeds. He was already the most generous of all human beings, yet the study of the Qur’an in this month increased him in generosity.
For those who know Arabic, I would highly recommend that as they read the Qur’an, they refer to a short Tafsir. In particular, I would recommend one of the following:
– Zubdat al-Tafsir, Sh. Muhammad Sulayman al-Ashqar
– Taysir al-Karim al-Rahman, by Sh. al-Saadi
– Al-Tafsir al-Muyassar, a committee of scholars
You should make it an eventual goal to finish the Tafsir entirely, preferably highlighting or marking all the important points you come across for quick reference in the future. The idea is to be able to be able to read the Qur’an such that the explanations offered in the Tafsir become ingrained in your mind. This will make your Qur’an reading easier, more enjoyable, and more thought-provoking. It is also an excellent foundation for any future Qur’an study.
For the English only crowd, it is important to read the Qur’an along with a translation, as Allah tells us:
“It is a Book that We have sent down to you blessed, so that they may contemplate its verses and so that people of understanding may take heed.” [38:29]
It is good to recite the Qur’an, even if you do not understand it, but the ultimate purpose of its revelation was for us to imbibe its teachings and incorporate them into our lives.
It is important to pick a good translation that suits you. Personally, I like Pickthall. Sahih International and Muhsin Khan’s translation are also good. I should note, that while I am a big fan of Pickthall’s translation, his style of language may seem a bit archaic and therefore be unsuitable for some readers. In any case, it is probably a good idea to have two translations to refer to in case the meaning is not clear in one translation.
There is another translation out which is relatively new and quite distinctive written by M A S Abdel Haleem and published by Oxford University Press. This translation has been written in very clear and extremely simple English that makes it easy and pleasurable to read. The downside is that he has given “creative” interpretations of some verses to make it more “suitable” to the Western mindset. For that reason, I am hesitant to recommend it. If one uses this translation, he should definitely cross check it with a more reliable translation such as Pickthall, etc.
They give you a good overview and background information for each surah before you begin.
Another useful resource, at least for research purposes, is the Summarized Tafsir ibn Kathir, available from Dar-us-Salam in ten volumes or accessible from here:
Unfortunately, there is no good, clear, short commentary on the Qur’an in the English language that I can recommend.
Finally, as a closing advice, do not lose heart. Keep the following hadith in the back of your mind:
“Recite the Qur’an, for o, the Day of Resurrection, it shall come as an intercessor for its companion.” [Muslim]